General Teaching Hospital
This summarizes the basic and important principles of planning and
design of a 500- Beds Teaching General Hospital.
The nature of such types of hospitals has noticeable impacts on
planning and design. Since teaching, large added areas on
departments and circulation levels are traced. Again 500 Beds
General Hospital is huge institute of different medical specialties
that have various and in many cases contradictory requirements. It
is some time like designing an institutionalized city.
The hospitals departments, operational policies and
interdepartmental relationships are outlined... The tabulates area
in (m2) of the hospital main departments and accommodations is
shown. The architectural design philosophy, concepts, description
and drawing are demonstrated.
Architectural Design Philosophy
The architectural design concept is drawn from:
The teaching nature of the
hospital as this will enlarge built area per bed dramatically,
especially its large size itself (500) beds.
The need for easy traffic of
movement of thousands users /day.
The site is at Iraq where
different architectural features are adopted from those
elsewhere; i.e. , the locality of Iraq, Baghdad as Arab-Islamic
architecture features are recommended to reflect the essence of
The adoption the most durable
and fast methods of construction.
Thus, the output, i.e., the design; can be mainly described as a
network of circulation routes (corridors) that are perpendicular to
each other sharing one main circulation route (corridor) the main
hospital street). This street has the two main vertical cores; lifts
to different hospital floors. Each floor has this hospital street.
The design adopts at the Basement level most of the Services
departments; central Kitchen, Laundry, Central stores, C.S.S.D.,
Changing cubicles, Morgue, Pharmaceutical procedures, Engineering
Services and Maintenance Workshop.
On the ground level where the heavy traffic is respected, the
outpatients department, the physiotherapy, Radiology and Imaging,
medical records, emergency and main entrance of a cafeteria are
located. Small praying area and cafeteria nearby the outpatient
department are also provided. Administration department, admission
and control desk are also housed on this level On the first level,
central labs, dialysis unit Delivery theatres, cesarean operating
theatres, new born unit, premature, research labs, teaching
facilities, main lecture hall, Banquet and library are housed On the
second level, operating theatre, I.C.U., C.C.U., Catheterization
labs, and two surgical (Acute) are housed On the third, forth,
fifth, sixth and seventh floors (levels) wards are housed
Note:- Drawings enclosed show the above mention description