General Hospital of Baghdad
Health care facilities became a scale for nations development and a
title for how far the public social services offered by the governments
to their nations are advanced.
Because health care services are strategic part of the whole community
facilities, the enhancing of these services lead to enhancing the whole
standard of life.
Within the skeleton of general health services in Iraq this project
comes as a symbol of the continuous developing in the various aspect of
life in this country.
The significance of this project comes from the fact that it will close
a big hole within the medical services submitted to the citizens of
Baghdad in general and to the population within the catchments area in
Architectural Design Concept
Three issues were taken as abase in deriving the design concept, they
are as follow :
Functional nature of the project:
as a general 200 bedded hospital which contains a wide group of
departments \ medical, services, auxiliaries. Which are deeply
interrelated together and make the hospital as a campus as well as
its architectural entity.
The place – time particularity:
the site is in the city of Baghdad – the apital, in both Karkh&
Russafa and in Iraq specifically, to be designed and executed in the
beginning of the third thousand – the twenty first century.
Social, Economical, environmental
aspects for the project and the population to be served.
-For the first issue, the project is a
four stories building, ground & 1st floors contain outpatients,
treatment – diagnostic, services & auxiliary departments to facilitate
circulation of the users of these departments.
-For the second issue – the indication to the place particularity was
given by group of architectural elements, forms & shapes interrelated
horizontally & vertically, the main entrance was treated in a way that
remind the user by the round city of Baghdad built by Abu Jaffar Al
mansour and the spirits of its high and deep walls and gates from inside
by the cylindrical form, from outside by a screen wall in front of the
entrance with classical treatments from the Iraqi ancient castles, to
give the impression of unity to the project, the side elevations (
specially the outpatient department side ) were treated on the same
basis of the main elevation, but by a smaller scale because of the
difference in importance.
The indication to the particularity dimension was given by the
contemporary appearance of the building both outside and inside by
developing a new combination and relation between classic and
contemporary elements and materials and by giving a big attention to the
spatial interrelation, enhancement and perception in a human and new
order for these types of buildings and by giving the sense of amusement
and comfort physically and spiritually considering the project as
masterpiece but not an ordinary thing.
-For the third issue, it was fulfilled by treating the plans and outer
surfaces in a way to achieve maximum environmental efficiency which
gives the ultimate climatic comfort with using the minimum amount of
energy, so using inner open courts, minimizing number and size of
openings and simplifying the outer shape of the building to minimize
area of outer surfaces were tools to achieve the objective. Finally an
intimate human oriental local interior specially in the public spaces
was created to give the spirituality of traditional simple Baghdadian
environment related to simple and clear routes of circulation.