Radiation and Nuclear Medicine
Blood diseases and various types of
tumor (cancer) had been spread in Iraq due to many factors. However,
south of Iraq and Basrah region had a noticeable rate of blood diseases
and tumor types. The erection of centers that cater for such diseases is
of importance and priority. Basrah region is to have an example of such
centers. These centers are highly specialist institutes in many respect
. architecturally, they are large and complicated in their requirements
. Structurally, they demand huge super structures, and special kinds of
structural envelops for sake of bearing heavy machinery and radiation
protection and isolation. Engineering services wise, systems of these
services need special care in designing, installation and operation. The
planners and designers of this project highly respected the general
objectives and polices of such institute. In addition, accommodations
(spaces, rooms, sections and departments) and their estimated areas in
m2 have affected the design of the project. The design and planning
concepts have been depicted in the drawings enclosed.
Architectural planning and design PHILOSOPHY
The planning of this project has been based on main criteria that are
relevant to the :-
The nature of the project as it is a "highly" specialized diagnostic and
therapeutic centre. Demands of high technology in medical equipment and
processing of patients in medical sense is noticeable. This introduces
many hindering factors that restrict design decision. For example some
zones like, radiology, chemo therapy are bound to be isolated from the
main building of the centre /hospital, and NO extension is allowed (what
so ever ) on the roof of such zones.
The nature of site where in this case is not specified and site is
hypothesized, in terms of characteristics.
The locality of Basrah city as a port in southern region of Iraq is to
be considered too.
Thus, the design concept from the architectural point of view respected
these three planning considerations.
Firstly, it sticks somehow to practiced and common configuration of
functional relationships between other similar hospitals' departments.
Secondly, it considers availability of site in Basrah city. An important
consideration is taken into account in the design, e.g., the building
has no basement because of the soil characteristic in Basrah, under
ground water table is high, weak soil bearing capacity as well.
Thirdly, the unique characteristics of Basrah city as being a sea port,
hot and humid at summer where southern winds prevail, the design has
preferred to draw comparison in some elements to the port, e.g., the
elevated entrances (to match the port decks and ship decks) . The
similarity between some design elements of ships, ship yards and hulls
is appreciated in the proposed design.